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Learning Theories behind Sands Leadership’s Approach : 

Sands Leadership Development Centre regards leadership as “an influence relationship between
leaders and followers who intend real changes and outcomes that reflect their shared purpose.
“(Rost, 1991). This understanding of leadership distinguishes the courses offered by SLDC from
other leadership courses in two ways:

1. It focuses on helping our participants understand the important aspect of self-leadership

and develop in them, the habit of continually improving one’s self before seeking to influence others.


2. It focuses on equipping the participants with the values, knowledge, and skills to form and sustain

positive relationships with peers, family members, and others within the communities they intend to help.


SLDC adopts two main theoretical frameworks in designing its program. They are the Kolb’s Experiential

Learning Model and the Scouting Framework, Social, Physical, Intellectual, Character, Emotional, Spiritual

(S.P.I.C.E.S). Kolb’s experiential learning model describes how an individual makes sense of or learns from,

new experiences through a process of reflection.


Whereas, the Scouting Framework can be seen as educating youths into a confident person who has a

strong sense of right and wrong, adaptable and resilient, knows himself, is discerning in judgment, thinks

independently and critically, and communicates effectively.


When combined, it provides a holistic approach to Outdoor Education and helps participants to align

their values and discover their leadership potential within them.

Kolb’s Four Stages of Learning




Social Development


Character development


Physical development


Emotional development


Intellectual development


Spiritual development

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